Safety seal – additional form of securing load during transport. Its purpose is to increase safety of the transported load by preventing the carrier or third parties from accessing the shipment. To get to the goods, you must break the seals.

Cargo insurance – it is a kind of a one-time insurance of the property (goods) in transport. CARGO insurance provides protection of the load from the moment it leaves the place from which it is forwarded to the moment it reaches its destination, including loading, unloading and storage. Within CARGO insurance, the goods are insured up to their full value defined in the documents.

Shipping documents – a collection of documents containing information on the shipment which accompanies it throughout the supply chain. The most frequently used document is shipping label.

⦁   Proof of delivery (POD) – notice of the load’s receipt signed by the  receiver. Various kinds of documents which confirm the receipt of goods (delivery note, shipping label, CMR documents)

⦁   Electronic invoice (e-invoice) – invoice issued and sent electronically. It is an eco-friendly counterpart of the paper form which contains the same data. E-invoice is sent as a PDF file bearing a safe electronic signature. It is used in order to accelerate documentation workflow and settle the invoice earlier.

⦁   Domestic shipping label – shipping document which serves as proof of acceptance and receipt of a shipment as well as transport being completed. It is issued by the commissioning party on a form used by the transport company.

⦁   International shipping label (CMR) – it is the basic document based on which a load is transported (it is a document which confirms conducting a contract on international transport). The CMR document is issued in 3 copies. Each of them has the same legal validity. The representative of the party who holds the management of carriage is CMR’s sender. The party receives the first copy. The second copy is sent with the shipment while the third one is kept by the transport company. The basic information contained in the CMR letter pertain to:

⦁ Sender,

⦁ Transport company,

⦁ Receiving party,

⦁ Goods,

⦁ Forwarding date and place,

⦁ Place of planned delivery,

⦁ Costs connected with transport,

⦁ Instructions necessary for dealing with all the customs formalities as well as a list of documents provided to the driver.

All the parties are entitled to introduce changes in the CMR document; however the sender will be held responsible for providing wrong or ambiguous data. CMR is filled in in the language of the country of dispatch. It is also issued to a particular name and non-transferable.


  • Cubic Meter (CBM) – cubic metre of cargo space with three measurements (length*width*height),
  • Loading Meter (LDM) – meter of cargo space measured on the length of a semitrailer or another vehicle used for transport of cargo.
  • Gross weight – weight of loads together with the packaging expressed in kilos.
  • Net weight – weight of sole goods expressed in kilos but without the packaging or safety measures.
  • Half pallet – wooden pallet with a 600x800mm base measurements.
  • EUR-Pallet – wooden pallet which complies with the UIC 435-2 requirements and is marked with “EUR” trademark, with 1,200x800mm base measurement.
  • Industrial pallet – wooden pallet with 1,200×1,000mm base measurements.
  • Non-standard pallet – pallets of various kinds with measurements different from standard pallets: EUR and the industrial ones.
  • General cargo transport LTL (Less than Truck/Trailer Load) – a service which consists in transport of shipments which consist of several pallets. The total gross weight usually does not exceed   3,500kg. Typically, it contains consolidated shipments from various Customers and is carried by one means of transport.
  • Part load transport (Part Load) – added loads or part loads consist of at least two combined loads and are carried in one means of transport. Among others, they have two shipping documents (CMR). This solution reduces unit costs of transport and at the same time prologues delivery time.
  • Full Truck/Trailer Load (FTL) – a service which consists in transport of loads in amounts which allow to use an entire transport unit.
  • Dedicated load transport (Direct Load) – the service is designed for clients who transport valuable or fragile goods or need an urgent shipment. This type of transport consists in dedicating a given means of transport solely to a particular load. It is completed based on a single shipping label. The fee for dedicated transport is always higher than for part transport.
  • Neutral goods – these are items which are not sensitive goods, do not need transport in special temperature or with additional licences.
  • Goods which undergo road monitoring – goods which pose a high risk of tax evasion transported through Poland, including excise goods, listed in the act of 9th March 2017 on the monitoring system for the road carriage of goods, whose permitted gross weight or volume cannot exceed  500 kg/litres.
  • Dangerous goods (ADR) – material or object whose transport is forbidden or permitted only in specific conditions. Road transport of dangerous goods is regulated by:
    • act of 28th October 2002 on road transport of dangerous materials (Journal of Laws of 2002, No.199, item 1671 as amended);
    • agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by road (ADR) (Journal of Laws of 2002, No.194, item 1629 as amended);
  • Sensitive goods – goods which due to their natural characteristic are susceptible to particular risk of damage occurring (shortage, theft, damage, quality deterioration). The definition of a sensitive good is subjective and dependent on the policy of an insurance company. Goods which are included in the group the most often are:
    • alcohol,
    • household appliances & audio/video devices,
    • cigarettes and tobacco,
    • excise goods, fuels as well as components for producing them,
    • goods which require transport in controlled temperature,
    • medications,
    • food which needs special transport.
  • Goods which require controlled temperature – the service requires special special attention at every stage of the service’s completion. It is performed with special refrigeration semitrailers equipped with a power generation unit.
  • Incoterms (International Commercial Terms) – a collection of international regulations which define the conditions for sales and regulate the relations between the seller and the buyer. The regulations divide the costs and responsibilities between the buyer and seller and reflect the kind of the transport which has been agreed on.
  • CMR Convention – an agreement on international road transport of goods, legal act (Journal of Laws of 1962, No. 49, item 238) which makes it possible to conduct international transport. CMR Convention introduces and aligns:
    • terms and conditions of a contract on road transport of goods,
    • shipping documents,
    • carrier’s responsibility,
    • mode of complaints,
    • claims resulting from carriage,
    • transport performed by several transport companies subsequently,
    • information necessary for proper completion of transport, additional guidance notes on treatment of the shipment and signature of the sender.




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    Projekt i wykonanie: whispy design studio (c) 2023
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